And just how long have these cheery colors been around? Camille Koechlin of Mulhouse invented the first chrome fabric dyes in 1819. Chromium had previous been used a a colorant for carriage painting (can you imagine a chrome yellow carriage? - wow!). John Mercer of Great Britain, produced a chrome yellow around 1823 and by adding an final alkali rinse, he had a chrome orange.
A variation of chrome yellow/orange dying was the popular "California golds". These came into vogue around the time of the California gold rush. These popular prints were a yellow/orange print on a white ground and could vary in coloration from lemon to butterscotch gold.